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Download e-book for iPad: 44.Photonics Technology by John G. Webster (Editor)

By John G. Webster (Editor)

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For example, the phase fluctuations can be smaller than those of the vacuum state. Of course, this is done at the expense of the conjugate variable. This is essentially the basic idea behind optical squeezing. Such modern developments in optics are also closely related with quantum nondemolition measurements, include those relying on Kerr-type nonlinearities, and with the concept of phase conjugation. COHERENT EFFECTS IN LASER PRODUCED PLASMAS Laser-produced plasmas are an important plasma source and a complex medium for the propagation of electromagnetic (EM) waves (14).

43: 4345, 1965. 9. W. E. , An Electronic Transition Chemical Laser, App. Phys. , 32: 469, 1978. 10. K. A. Truesdell, C. A. Helms, and G. D. Hager, A History of COIL Development in the USA, in SPIE Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Gas Flow and Chemical Lasers, 2802: 217– 237, 1995. 11. G. P. Perram, Approximate Analytical Solution for the Dissociation of Molecular Iodine in the Presence of Singlet Oxygen, Intl. J. Chem. Kinetics, 27: 817–828, 1995. 12. J. A. Miller and E. J. , 32: 1228–1233, 1994.

Two very important concepts are associated with quantum systems interacting electromagnetically: the quantization of the radiation field into the photon field, and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, which sets a lower limit to the commutator of conjugate variables for both particles and fields. The first concept, introduced by Planck to describe the spectral characteristics of blackbody, or thermal equilibrium, radiation, was extended by Einstein to describe absorption and spontaneous radiation.

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44.Photonics Technology by John G. Webster (Editor)

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