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Download e-book for kindle: A Basic Needs Policy Model: A General Equilibrium Analysis by Arend KOUWENAAR (Eds.)

By Arend KOUWENAAR (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 044470468X

ISBN-13: 9780444704689

Utilizing fresh study on Ecuador, this booklet discusses a social accounting matrix (SAM)-based version for simulating the consequences of easy wishes regulations on a variety of socio-economic teams. particular parameter selection and specification of relationships enable the final equilibrium version to catch rigidities and occurrences of non-perfect commodity and issue markets. easy wishes pride is defined as an ``output'' as a result of source of revenue formation and expenditure, and dynamically associated with the structural techniques of loved ones and socio-economic crew formation, formation of the labour strength and wealth, and labour productiveness. Simulations pay attention to the consequences of assorted expenditure, oblique tax and redistributive regulations on earning and uncomplicated wishes pride

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Extra info for A Basic Needs Policy Model: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Ecuador

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In general, however, these models assign only a minor role to relative prices, though they could easily embrace certain price responses while retaining other disequilibrium features. General equilibrium models: distinctive features. A number of essentials are dealt with in different ways in the various models broadly classified above. 1) Substitution. Models vary as to the extent that substitutability is allowed. Usually, factor substitution is possible in sectoral production (but excluded in Bourguignon et al.

39. 50. Ecuador scored 68 (1970-75) on Morris' Physical Quality of Life Index (Morris (1979: 130)) as compared to Sweden, 97, and Bolivia, 43. It scored 51 on a composite basic needs index (Ram (1982)) compared to 90 for Sweden and 43 for Bolivia. Morris' index includes infant mortality, literacy and life expectancy; Ram's index includes the latter two and calorie intake, access to water and health services. 4. Access to safe water and sanitation were recently estimated at 84% and 60% for urban households, but only 13% and less than 10% for rural households (World Bank (1984b: 49)).

E. ) exist; ii) a potential loss of savings through redistribution of income or assets may be compensated by productivity effects of improved basic needs satisfaction and higher income through a higher employment of domestic resources. It is clear that the size of the trade-off is to be examined empirically; cf. Stewart (1985: 210ff). l) and Brundenius and Lundahl (1982) for a review of the Latin American situation with respect to basic needs issues. Introduction: Policy Modelling for Basic Needs in Ecuador 10.

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A Basic Needs Policy Model: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Ecuador by Arend KOUWENAAR (Eds.)

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