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A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme - download pdf or read online

By C. N. Hill

ISBN-10: 1848167954

ISBN-13: 9781848167957

ISBN-10: 1848167962

ISBN-13: 9781848167964

A Vertical Empire offers an outline of the British rocketry and house programme from the Fifties to Nineteen Seventies, detailing the Medium diversity Ballistic Missile Blue Streak and its conversion to a satellite tv for pc launcher as a part of the eu Launcher improvement organization (ELDO). This widely revised moment version contains fabric basically made on hand long ago ten years and the textual content is supplemented by way of a number of images, sketches and information. The all-British satellite tv for pc Black Arrow is defined, in addition to the examine rocket Black Knight, the Blue metal missile and the rocket powered interceptor airplane.

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Additional info for A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme

Example text

For almost all the period, with a break of two years, Sir Steuart Mitchell held the post. From the Ministry papers he appears to be a sensible and capable administrator. Dr Robert Cockburn filled the break. However, delving deeper into the Ministries, one drowns in a soup of alphabetic titles: in the RAF there was VCAS (Vice Chief of the Air Staff, who dealt with nuclear matters); DCAS, the Deputy Chief; DCAS (OR) Deputy Chief of Air Staff (Operational Requirements). There was DRAE (Director of the Royal Aircraft Establishment); DDRAE (his deputy); DAWRE (Director of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment) and DDAWRE, his deputy.

Scorpion and Spectre were intended for aircraft, to augment the jet engine. However, the HTP combination was to represent the principal British contribution to the rocket field. The UK was to make hydrogen peroxide technology very much its own: no one before or since has made use of it on such a large scale. Early German and British work used compounds of manganese in one form or another to decompose the peroxide, often injected with the fuel, leading to a very messy exhaust. The secret lay in a metal gauze, through which the HTP was passed, and as it did so, decomposed to steam and oxygen at a temperature of around 500 °C.

One design being considered was what might be described as selfpressurising: a pressure-fed system, with the gases being used to pressurise the tanks coming from the fuel itself via a heat exchanger. The tank pressures could be relatively low given the low chamber pressure – 80 N/cm² (8 bar or 90 psi) was the value being considered. This is quite an elegant solution, dispensing with the weight and complexity of a turbopump, yet avoiding the weight penalties of thicker tank walls and heavy gas bottles.

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A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme by C. N. Hill


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