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Read e-book online Abiding courage: African American migrant women and the East PDF

By Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

ISBN-10: 0807822566

ISBN-13: 9780807822562

Among 1940 and 1945, millions of African americans migrated from the South to the East Bay quarter of northern California looking for the social and monetary mobility that used to be linked to the region's increasing safety and its recognition for better racial tolerance. Drawing on fifty oral interviews with migrants in addition to on archival and different written documents, Abiding braveness examines the reviews of the African American girls who migrated west and equipped groups there.Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo vividly indicates how girls made the transition from southern family and box paintings to jobs in an business, wartime economic system. while, they have been suffering to maintain their households jointly, constructing new families, and growing community-sustaining networks and associations. whereas white girls shouldered the double burden of salary exertions and home tasks, black ladies confronted even larger demanding situations: discovering homes and faculties, finding church buildings and scientific companies, and contending with racism. through concentrating on girls, Lemke-Santangelo offers new views on the place and the way social swap occurs and the way group is validated and maintained.

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Additional info for Abiding courage: African American migrant women and the East Bay community

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8 After the war, migrant women were the first fired. Some found relatively secure, high-paying jobs with the federal government, the single largest employer of East Bay black residents during the postwar years. Most, however, were forced into the low-paying institutional service sector as cooks, custodians, and nurse's aides, a variation of the domestic service jobs many had held in the South. Because they filled the lowest-paying jobs in the labor force both during and after the war, migrant women created an alternate source of status and identity as homemakers, church women, and community workers.

I am also grateful for the suggestions that I received from Raymond Gavins, Kristen Neuschel, Julius Scott, and C. Eric Lincoln. As ideas for this study emerged and coalesced, my friends at Duke University and the University of California, Berkeley, provided unflagging support and helpful insights. Kirsten Fischer, Martha Jane Brazy, Nancy Quam Wickham, and Greg Hise, who all read drafts of the manuscript, greatly enlarged my interpretive framework and analyses. Charles Wollenberg, a California historian, also provided encouragement and helpful insights.

Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8078-2256-6 (cloth: alk. paper). : alk. paper) 1. Afro-American womenCaliforniaSan Francisco Bay AreaSocial conditions. 2. Afro-AmericansCaliforniaSan Francisco Bay AreaMigrationsHistory20th century. 3. Rural-urban migrationCaliforniaSan Francisco Bay AreaHistory20th century. 4. )Social conditions. I. Title. 4'600496073dc20CIP Page v For my mother and father Page vii Contents Acknowledgments xi Introduction 1 1 It Was Just Like Living in Two Worlds.

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Abiding courage: African American migrant women and the East Bay community by Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

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