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Download e-book for iPad: Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs,

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Innovation Models for Aeronautics Technologies, Stephen A. Merrill

ISBN-10: 0309101883

ISBN-13: 9780309101882

ISBN-10: 0309660181

ISBN-13: 9780309660181

NASA is an international chief in aeronautics examine and improvement — fostering advances in aviation defense and emissions, propulsion expertise, and plenty of different components. And the agency's Aeronautics examine venture Directorate (ARMD) has performed a necessary function within the U.S. aeronautics undefined. lately, the directorate's leaders and specialists outdoor the organisation have sought how one can velocity leading edge makes use of of ARMD's examine effects. however the directorate faces administration demanding situations that make it tricky for such functions to be triumphant — or to take place in any respect. This record from the nationwide Academies' nationwide learn Council, bargains the enterprise counsel on the right way to deal with the move of expertise to exterior clients, in addition to enforce versatile group of workers and financial-management practices. The record additionally issues out difficulties that stem from a scarcity of contract on ARMD's destiny path and a number of other years of federal price range cuts.

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Additional info for Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities

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According to independent evaluations as well as NASA reports, the agency’s aeronautics R&D program has scored a number of significant technical successes, some of commercial importance. As recently as December 2004, NASA aeronautics successfully flew the first air breathing hypersonic vehicle, the X-43A. Moreover, despite declining resources that are discussed later in this chapter, the current program has been judged to have relatively high technical merit. 39 The program’s principal challenges include the following: 38It is not indicated what proportion of the vehicle systems budget the low-ranked tasks represent.

The traditional market failure rationale for government intervention varies considerably among these categories and even within a category over time (depending, for example, on the degree of private competition). PROGRAM FOCUS AND PRIORITIZATION Even if NASA aeronautics program expenditures were stabilized, ARMD management faces severe constraints on its discretion. The first limitation, referred to earlier, is high “fixed” personnel costs. 39 billion as the amount that the administration has requested for total agency employee salary and fringe benefits in FY 2006 and puts at 18,798 its total civil service workforce for the year.

55 Although innovative firms demonstrate a striking pattern of technology push, that push evolves within a widely shared strategic framework that guides effort in certain directions and not others. 56 Effects on Innovation The constraints on NASA’s aeronautics program budget have direct and indirect bearings on innovation. First, in the absence of an effort to adjust the R&D portfolio to available resources by foregoing projects that 55For example, after its successful development of the CT imaging business, GE Medical came to view itself as being in the business of diagnostic imaging, whereas it had previously considered itself to be a more general medical equipment enterprise.

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Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Innovation Models for Aeronautics Technologies, Stephen A. Merrill


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